instruments

Canada is one of the most multi-ethnic countries in the world. According to Statistics Canada’s Report on Immigration and Ethno-Cultural Diversity in Canada more than 200 ethnic origins were reported in the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS).

That’s why multiculturalism underpins the official ideology of Canada. Its objective is to preserve and advance the cultural diversity of the society while accommodating people of different ancestries and traditions, historic and religious backgrounds, and various psychological types. The policy of multiculturalism helps immigrants preserve their cultural heritage, while at the same time embracing what it is to be Canadian.

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Multi-ethnicity is a reality in Canadian’s everyday life. We know that our neighbors are Filipinos, the apartment above us is occupied by a German family, and the owner of a bakery at the corner is an Italian. On Sundays, we like to have dinner at a Japanese restaurant, my daughter's friends are nice Hindu folks, and we all enjoy celebrating the Chinese New Year.

And yet we know very little about the people with whom we live side by side in one country.

One of the simplest and most effective ways to learn about and understand different cultures, to value and respect people of those cultures is the music, whose universal language does not require any translation. Therefore, this year, when Canada celebrates its 150th anniversary, we decided to launch a special project – Sounds of Canada.

The digital series Sounds of Canada serves precisely this purpose. It’s a unique project, where individuals and bands representing almost all ethnic and national groups in Canada will be, for the first time, given an opportunity to perform their favorite music. Those performances and concerts will present all genres of music, from classical to rock and rap.

The special feature of this series will be the opportunity given to a variety of artists living in Canada, from well-known performers to young and talented beginners, to showcase their talents worldwide. Who knows, participation in Sounds of Canada might make them the talk of the country.

The first season will feature musicians from the following ethnic communities: Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish, Filipino, Arabic, Hungarian, Cuban, Irish, Indian, and Italian.

 Ethnic Music Instruments

BAYAN

  

The bayan (Russian: бая́н, IPA: [bɐˈjan]) is a type of chromatic button accordion developed in Russia in the early 20th century and named after the 11th-century bard Boyan.

The bayan differs from western chromatic button accordions in some details of construction:

- Reeds are broader and rectangular (rather than trapezoidal).
- Reeds are often attached in large groups to a common plate (rather than in pairs); the plates are screwed to the reed block (rather than attached with wax).
- The melody-side keyboard is attached near the middle of the body (rather than at the rear).
- Reeds are generally not tuned with tremolo.
- Register switches may be operated with the chin on some larger models. (also possible with some larger European button accordions)
- The diminished chord row is shifted, so that the diminished G chord is where one would expect the diminished C chord in the Stradella bass system.
- Converter switches that go from standard preset chords to free bass (individual bass notes) are common on the larger instruments.
- Newer instruments may feature a register where every tone played actually produces a perfect fifth.
The differences in internal construction give the bayan a different tone color from Western instruments, and the bass has a much fuller sound. Because of their range and purity of tone, bayans are often the instrument of choice for accordion virtuosi who perform classical and contemporary classical music. Two Soviet composers of note who wrote compositions for bayan are Vladislav Zolotaryov and Sofia Gubaidulina. Russian Bayan virtuoso Stas Venglevski has premiered contemporary works by Yehuda Yannay, Anthony Galla-Rini and William Susman. In his work Drang (1999), John Palmer has pushed the expressive possibilities of the bayan to the limits of virtuosity

BAGPIPE

  

Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag. Though the Scottish Great Highland bagpipes are the best known in the Anglophone world, bagpipes have been played for a millennium or more throughout large parts of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, including Turkey, the Caucasus, and around the Persian Gulf. The term bagpipe is equally correct in the singular or plural, though pipers usually refer to the bagpipes as "the pipes", "a set of pipes" or "a stand of pipes".

The evidence for pre-Roman era bagpipes is still uncertain but several textual and visual clues have been suggested. The Oxford History of Music says that a sculpture of bagpipes has been found on a Hittite slab at Euyuk in the Middle East, dated to 1000 BC. Several authors identify the ancient Greek askaulos (ἀσκός askos – wine-skin, αὐλός aulos – reed pipe) with the bagpipe.[2] In the 2nd century AD, Suetonius described the Roman emperor Nero as a player of the tibia utricularis.[3] Dio Chrysostom wrote in the 1st century of a contemporary sovereign (possibly Nero) who could play a pipe (tibia, Roman reedpipes similar to Greek and Etruscan instruments) with his mouth as well as by tucking a bladder beneath his armpit.

In the early part of the second millennium, definite clear attestations of bagpipes began to appear with frequency in Western European art and iconography. The Cantigas de Santa Maria, written in Galician-Portuguese and compiled in Castile in the mid-13th century, depicts several types of bagpipes.[5] Several illustrations of bagpipes also appear in the Chronique dite de Baudoin d’Avesnes, a 13th-century manuscript of northern French origin. Though evidence of bagpipes in the British Isles prior to the 14th century is contested, bagpipes are explicitly mentioned in The Canterbury Tales.

— Canterbury Tales
Bagpipes were also frequent subjects for carvers of wooden choir stalls in the late 15th and early 16th century throughout Europe, sometimes with animal musicians.

Actual examples of bagpipes from before the 18th century are extremely rare; however, a substantial number of paintings, carvings, engravings, manuscript illuminations, and so on survive. They make it clear that bagpipes varied hugely throughout Europe, and even within individual regions. Many examples of early folk bagpipes in continental Europe can be found in the paintings of Brueghel, Teniers, Jordaens, and Durer.

The first clear reference to the use of the Scottish Highland bagpipes is from a French history, which mentions their use at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547. George Buchanan (1506–82) claimed that they had replaced the trumpet on the battlefield. This period saw the creation of the ceòl mór (great music) of the bagpipe, which reflected its martial origins, with battle-tunes, marches, gatherings, salutes and laments. The Highlands of the early seventeenth century saw the development of piping families including the MacCrimmonds, MacArthurs, MacGregors and the Mackays of Gairloch.

Evidence of the bagpipe in Ireland occurs in 1581, when John Derrick's The Image of Irelande clearly depicts a bagpiper. Derrick's illustrations are considered to be reasonably faithful depictions of the attire and equipment of the English and Irish population of the 16th century. The "Battell" sequence from My Ladye Nevells Booke (1591) by William Byrd, which probably alludes to the Irish wars of 1578, contains a piece entitled The bagpipe: & the drone. In 1760, the first serious study of the Scottish Highland bagpipe and its music was attempted, in Joseph MacDonald's Compleat Theory. Further south, a manuscript from the 1730s by a William Dixon from Northumberland contains music that fits the border pipes, a nine-note bellows-blown bagpipe whose chanter is similar to that of the modern Great Highland bagpipe. However the music in Dixon's manuscript varied greatly from modern Highland bagpipe tunes, consisting mostly of extended variation sets of common dance tunes. Some of the tunes in the Dixon manuscript correspond to tunes found in early 19th century published and manuscript sources of Northumbrian smallpipe tunes, notably the rare book of 50 tunes, many with variations, by John Peacock.

As Western classical music developed, both in terms of musical sophistication and instrumental technology, bagpipes in many regions fell out of favour due to their limited range and function. This triggered a long, slow decline that continued, in most cases, into the 20th century.

Extensive and documented collections of traditional bagpipes can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, the International Bagpipe Museum in Gijón, Spain, the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford, England and the Morpeth Chantry Bagpipe Museum in Northumberland, and the Musical Instrument Museum in Phoenix, Arizona.

CONGAS

  

The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba. Congas are staved like barrels and classified into three types: quinto (lead drum, highest), tres dos or tres golpes (middle), and tumba or salidor (lowest). Congas were originally used in Afro-Cuban music genres such as conga (hence their name) and rumba, where each drummer would play a single drum. Following numerous innovations in conga drumming and construction during the mid-20th century, as well as its internationalization, it became increasingly common for drummers to play two or three drums. Congas have become a popular instrument in many forms of Latin music such as son (when played by conjuntos), descarga, Afro-Cuban jazz, salsa, songo, merengue and Latin rock.

Most modern congas have a staved wooden or fiberglass shell, and a screw-tensioned drumhead. They are usually played in sets of two to four with the fingers and palms of the hand. Typical congas stand approximately 75 centimetres (30 in) from the bottom of the shell to the head. The drums may be played while seated. Alternatively, the drums may be mounted on a rack or stand to permit the player to play while standing. While they originated in Cuba, their incorporation into the popular and folk music of other countries has resulted in diversification of terminology for the instruments and the players. In Cuba, congas are called tumbadoras.

Conga players are called congueros, while rumberos refers to those who dance following the path of the players. The term "conga" was popularized in the 1930s, when Latin music swept the United States. Cuban son and New York jazz fused together to create what was then termed mambo, but later became known as salsa. In that same period, the popularity of the Conga Line helped to spread this new term. Desi Arnaz also played a role in the popularization of conga drums. However, the drum he played (which everyone called a conga drum at the time) was similar to the type of drum known as bokú used in his hometown, Santiago de Cuba. The word conga came from the rhythm la conga used during carnaval (carnival) in Cuba. The drums used in carnaval could have been referred to as tambores de conga since they played the rhythm la conga, and thus translated into English as conga drums.

Qanun is played on the lap while sitting or squatting, or sometimes on trestle support, by plucking the strings with two tortoise-shell picks (one for each hand) or with fingernails, and has a standard range of three and a half octaves from A2 to E6 that can be extended down to F2 and up to G6 in the case of Arabic designs.

The instrument also features special metallic levers or latches under each course called mandals. These small levers, which can be raised or lowered quickly by the performer while the instrument is being played, serve to slightly change the pitch of a particular course by altering effective string lengths.

OUD

  

The oud (/uːd/) is a short-neck lute-type, pear-shaped stringed instrument (a chordophone in the Hornbostel-Sachs classification of instruments) with 11 or 13 strings grouped in 5 or 6 courses, commonly used in Persian, Greek, Turkish, Jewish, Eastern Roman, Azerbaijani, Arabian, Armenian, North African (Chaabi, Classical, and Spanish Andalusian), Somali and Middle Eastern music.

In the first centuries of Arabian civilisation, the oud had 4 courses (one string per course – double-strings came later) only, tuned in successive fourths. These were called (for the lowest in pitch) the Bamm, then came (higher to highest in pitch) the Mathnā, the Mathlath and the Zīr. A fifth string (highest in pitch, lowest in its positioning in relation to other strings), called ḥād ("sharp"), was sometimes added for theoretical purposes, generally to complement the double octave.

MANDOLIN

  

A mandolin (Italian: mandolino pronounced [mandoˈliːno]; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick". It commonly has four courses of doubled metal strings tuned in unison (8 strings), although five (10 strings) and six (12 strings) course versions also exist. The courses are normally tuned in a succession of perfect fifths. It is the soprano member of a family that includes the mandola, octave mandolin, mandocello and mandobass.

There are many styles of mandolin, but three are common, the Neapolitan or round-backed mandolin, the carved-top mandolin and the flat-backed mandolin. The round-back has a deep bottom, constructed of strips of wood, glued together into a bowl. The carved-top or arch-top mandolin has a much shallower, arched back, and an arched top—both carved out of wood. The flat-backed mandolin uses thin sheets of wood for the body, braced on the inside for strength in a similar manner to a guitar. Each style of instrument has its own sound quality and is associated with particular forms of music. Neapolitan mandolins feature prominently in European classical music and traditional music. Carved-top instruments are common in American folk music and bluegrass music. Flat-backed instruments are commonly used in Irish, British and Brazilian folk music. Some modern Brazilian instruments feature an extra fifth course tuned a fifth lower than the standard fourth course.

Other mandolin varieties differ primarily in the number of strings and include four-string models (tuned in fifths) such as the Brescian and Cremonese, six-string types (tuned in fourths) such as the Milanese, Lombard and the Sicilian and 6 course instruments of 12 strings (two strings per course) such as the Genoese.[2] There has also been a twelve-string (three strings per course) type and an instrument with sixteen-strings (four strings per course).

Much of mandolin development revolved around the soundboard (the top). Pre-mandolin instruments were quiet instruments, strung with as many as six courses of gut strings, and were plucked with the fingers or with a quill. However, modern instruments are louder—using four courses of metal strings, which exert more pressure than the gut strings. The modern soundboard is designed to withstand the pressure of metal strings that would break earlier instruments. The soundboard comes in many shapes—but generally round or teardrop-shaped, sometimes with scrolls or other projections. There is usually one or more sound holes in the soundboard, either round, oval, or shaped like a calligraphic f (f-hole). A round or oval sound hole may be covered or bordered with decorative rosettes or purfling.

QANUN

  

The kanun, ganoun or kanoon (Arabic: قانون‎, translit. qānūn;Greek: κανονάκι, translit. kanonaki; Hebrew: קָנוֹן‬, qanon; Persian: قانون‬‎, qānūn; Turkish: kanun; Armenian: քանոն, translit. k’anon; Azerbaijani: qanun; Uyghur: قالون‎, ULY: qalon) is a string instrument played either solo, or more often as part of an ensemble, in much of the Middle East, Maghreb, West Africa, Central Asia, and southeastern regions of Europe. The name derives from the Arabic word qanun, meaning "rule, law, norm, principle", which is borrowed from the ancient Greek word and musical instrument κανών (rule), which in Latin was called canon (not to be confused with the European polyphonic musical style and composition technique known by the same name). Traditional and Classical musics executed on the qanun are based on Maqamat or Makamlar. As the historical relative of santur from the same geography, qanun is thought to trace its origins back to Assyria, where an ancestral homologue might have been used in Mesopotamian royal courts and religious ceremonies. The instrument today is a type of large zither with a thin trapezoidal soundboard that is famous for its unique melodramatic sound.

Arabic qanuns are usually constructed with five skin insets that support a single long bridge resting on five arching pillars, whereas the somewhat smaller Turkish qanuns are based on just four. This allows Arabic variants of the instrument to have more room for the installation of extreme bass and treble strings. Kanuns manufactured in Turkey generally feature 26 courses of strings, with three strings per course in the case of all regional variants. Contemporary Levantine designs use Nylon or PVC strings that are stretched over the bridge poised on fish-skins as described on one end, and attached to wooden tuning pegs at the other end.

Ornamental sound holes called kafes are a critical component of what constitutes the accustomed timbre of qanun. However, they normally occupy different locations on the soundboard of Turkish kanuns compared to Arabic qanuns, and may also vary in shape, size and number depending on geography or personal taste.

The dimensions of a Turkish kanun are typically 95 to 100 cm (37-39") in length, 38 to 40 cm (15-16") in width, and 4 to 6 cm (1.5-2.3") in height.[1] In contrast, an Arabic qanun measures a bit larger as mentioned.

Qanun is played on the lap while sitting or squatting, or sometimes on trestle support, by plucking the strings with two tortoise-shell picks (one for each hand) or with fingernails, and has a standard range of three and a half octaves from A2 to E6 that can be extended down to F2 and up to G6 in the case of Arabic designs.

The instrument also features special metallic levers or latches under each course called mandals. These small levers, which can be raised or lowered quickly by the performer while the instrument is being played, serve to slightly change the pitch of a particular course by altering effective string lengths.

BAGLAMA

  

The bağlama (Turkish: bağlama, from bağlamak, "to tie", pronounced [baːɫaˈma]) is a stringed musical instrument.

It is sometimes referred to as the saz (from the Persian ساز‎, meaning an instrument), it is also sometimes referred to as the "cura", although the term "saz" actually refers to a family of plucked string instruments, long-necked lutes used in Ottoman classical music, Turkish folk music, Iranian music, Azeri music, Kurdish music, Assyrian music, Armenian music, and in parts of Syria, Iraq and the Balkan countries. Instruments resembling today's bağlama have been found in archaeological excavations of Sumerian and Hittite mounds in Anatolia dating before Common Era, and in ancient Greek works.

According to The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, "the terms 'bağlama' and 'saz' are used somewhat interchangeably in Turkey."Like the Western lute and the Middle-Eastern oud, it has a deep round back, but a much longer neck. It can be played with a plectrum or with a fingerpicking style known as şelpe.

In the music of Greece the name baglamas (Greek: μπαγλαμάς) is given to a treble bouzouki, a related instrument. The Turkish settlement of Anatolia from the late eleventh century onward saw the introduction of a two-string Turkmen dutar, which was played in some areas of Turkey until recent times.

The bağlama is a synthesis of historical musical instruments in Central Asia and pre-Turkish Anatolia. It is partly descended from the Turkic komuz. The kopuz, or komuz, differs from the bağlama in that it has a leather-covered body and two or three strings made of sheep gut, wolf gut, or horsehair. It is played with the fingers rather than a plectrum and has a fingerboard without frets. Bağlama literally translates as "something that is tied up", probably a reference to the tied-on frets of the instrument. The word bağlama is first used in 18th-century texts. The French traveler Jean Benjamin de Laborde, who visited Turkey during that century, recorded that "the bağlama or tambura is in form exactly like the cogur, but smaller." He was probably referring to the smallest of the bağlama family, the cura.

According to the historian Hammer, metal strings were first used on a type of komuz with a long fingerboard known as the kolca kopuz in 15th-century Anatolia. This was the first step in the emergence of the çöğür (cogur), a transitional instrument between the komuz and the bağlama. According to 17th-century writer Evliya Çelebi, the cogur was first made in the city of Kütahya in western Turkey. To take the strain of the metal strings the leather body was replaced with wood, the fingerboard was lengthened and frets were introduced. Instead of five hair strings there were now twelve metal strings arranged in four groups of three. Today, the cogur is smaller than a medium-size bağlama.

KAMANCHEH

  

The kamancheh (also kamānche or kamāncha) (Persian: کمانچه‎), is an Iranian bowed string instrument, used also in Armenian, Azerbaijani, Turkish, and Kurdish Music and related to the rebab, the historical ancestor of the kamancheh and also to the bowed Byzantine lyra, ancestor of the European violin family. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow. It is widely used in the classical music of Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kurdistan Regions with slight variations in the structure of the instrument.

In 2017, art of crafting and playing with Kamantcheh/Kamancha, a bowed string musical instrument in Azerbaijan and Iran was included into the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.

In the Safavid and Qajar periods, Kamancheh was one of the most important instruments which was used in celebration scenes. Furthermore, it was described in celebration and war scenes paintings, from Mongol and Timurid periods. A wall fresco at Chehel Sotoun Palace in Isfahan shows a Kamancheh player among a group of court musicians at the royal court. A banquet scene of Shah Abbas II was depicted in the wall painting in honor of Nader Mohammad Khan emir of Turkistan in 1646. Additionally, a woman playing the Kamancheh was painted in another wall painting at Hasht Behesh Palace in Isfahan.

TAR

  

Tar (Persian: تار‎; Azerbaijani: tar) is an Iranian long-necked, waisted instrument, shared by many cultures and countries like Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and other areas near the Caucasus region. The word tār (تار) means "string" in Persian, though it might have the same meaning in languages influenced by Persian. This has led some Iranian experts to hold that the Tar must be common among all the Iranian people as well as the territories that are named as "Iranian Cultural Continuum" by the Encyclopædia Iranica.

This is claimed to be the root of the names of the Persian setar and the guitar as well as less widespread instruments such as the dutar and the Indian sitar. Though it was certainly developed in the Persian Empire, the exact region in which it was first made and played in the Persian Empire cannot be confirmed.

Tar is one of the most important musical instruments in Iran and the Caucasus. The formation, compilation, edition, and inheritance of the most authentic and most comprehensive versions of radif are all worked on tar. The general trends of Persian classical music have been deeply influenced by tar players. In 2012 art of Azerbaijani craftsmanship and performance art of the tar was added to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

The tar appeared in its present form in the middle of the eighteenth century in Persia. The body is a double-bowl shape carved from mulberry wood, with a thin membrane of stretched lamb-skin covering the top.

The fingerboard has twenty-five to twenty-eight adjustable gut frets, and there are three double courses of strings. Its range is about two and one-half octaves, and it is played with a small brass plectrum.

The long and narrow neck has a flat fingerboard running level to the membrane and ends in an elaborate pegbox with six wooden tuning pegs of different dimensions, adding to the decorative effect. It has three courses of double "singing" strings (each pair tuned in unison: the first two courses in plain steel, the third in wound copper), that are tuned in fourths (C, G, C) plus one "flying" bass string (wound in copper and tuned in G, an octave lower than the singing middle course) that runs outside the fingerboard and passes over an extension of the nut. Every String has its own tuning peg and are tuned independently. The Persian tar used to have five strings. The sixth string was added to the tar by Darvish Khan. This string is today's fifth string of the Iranian tar.

 Famous Ethnic Canadians

Arab-Canadians have come from all of the countries of the Arab world since 1882. According to the 2011 census, there were
380,620 Canadians who claimed Arab ancestry. There were 661,750 Canadians who claimed full or partial ancestry from an Arabic
speaking country. The large majority of Canadians of Arabic origin live in either Ontario or Quebec

Name - Occupation
Kevin O'Leary - entrepreneur and reality television personality
Omar Alghabra - former Liberal MP (2006–2008)
Pierre de Bané - former Liberal MP (1968–1984)
Michael Basha - former member of the Senate of Canada
Tarik Brahmi - current NDP member of House of Commons for Saint-Jean
Fonse Faour - former NDP MP and leader of Newfoundland NDP
Eddie Francis - Mayor of Windsor, Ontario
Joe Ghiz - former Premier of Prince Edward Island
Robert Ghiz - Premier of Prince Edward Island
Sadia Groguhé - current NDP member of House of Commons for Saint-Lambert
Mac Harb - Senator, former Liberal MP (1988–2004)
Sana Hassainia - current NDP member of House of Commons
Lorraine Michael - former Nun, leader of New Democratic Party
Maria Mourani - current Bloc Québécois MP
Khalil Ramal - Ontario MPP
Djaouida Sellah - current NDP member of House of Commons
Maher Arar - human rights activist
Monia Mazigh - human rights activist and New Democratic Party candidate
Samah Sabawi - Palestinian rights activist and playwright
Anisa Mehdi - Emmy Award-winning flm director, journalist
Donald Shebib - documentary flmmaker
Paul Anka - singer
Belly - rap/hip hop artist
Andy Kim - pop singer/songwriter
K.Maro - rapper
Kristina Maria - rapper
Massari - pop and hip-hop singer
Nasri - reggae and pop singer
The Narcicyst - rapper
Vaï - rapper, hip hop singer
Karl Wolf - singer
Zaho - singer
Ramzi Abid - professional hockey player
David Azzi - professional player in Canadian Football League
Joey Haddad - professional hockey player
John Hanna - professional hockey player
Ed Hatoum - professional hockey player
Fabian Joseph - former professional hockey player
Nazem Kadri - professional hockey player
John Makdessi - professional mixed martial arts (MMA) fghter
Alain Nasreddine - professional hockey player
Jean Sayegh - water polo player
Rami Sebei - professional wrestler
Reema Abdo - former backstroke swimmer
René Angélil - manager and husband of Céline Dion
Nahlah Ayed - journalist
Omar Khadr - detainee formerly held in Guantanamo Bay detention camp
Habeeb Salloum - author, cookbook author, writer, travel writer
Mamdouh Shoukri - current president of York University

9,718,545 (Census 2011)
The frst arrival of Celts in what would later become Canada was documented in the Saga of Eric the Red, which depicted the
Viking expedition of 1010 AD to Vinland, believed to be the island of Newfoundland

Name - Occupation
Alexander Graham Bell - eminent scientist
George Brown - founder of the Toronto Globe, Father of Confederation
James Cameron - flm director
Kim Campbell - frst female Prime Minister of Canada
Neve Campbell - actress
Jim Carrey - actor and comedian
Tommy Douglas - Premier of Saskatchewan
Sandford Fleming - railway engineer and proponent of standard time zone
William Lyon Mackenzie King - longest-serving Prime Minister of Canada
Sir John A. Macdonald - frst Prime Minister of Canada
Alice Munro - Nobel laureate author
Jill Hennessy - actress
Brian Mulroney - 18th Prime Minister of Canada
Eugene O’Keefe - businessman and philanthropist
Leslie Nielsen - actor
Rachel McAdams - actress
Michael Coren - British-Canadian columnist, author, public speaker
Robertson Davies - novelist
Marshall McLuhan - communication and media theorist
Anne Murray - singer, entertainer
James Naismith - inventor of basketball
Beverley McLachlin - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Simon Fraser - Northwest Company trader and explorer
Alexander MacKenzie - Northwest Company trader and explorer

Cuban immigration to Canada started in the 1980s. According to the 2011 census, there were
21,440 Canadians who claimed full or partial Cuban ancestry. Canada is home to the third
largest Cuban immigrant community in the world after the United States and Spain

Name - Occupation
Alexis Puentes - musician
José Latour - novelist
Ted Cruz - U.S. Senator from Texas since 2013
Rafael Bienvenido Cruz - public speaker
Kianz Froese - professional soccer player
Arturo Miranda - professional diver
Eduardo Sebrango - former professional soccer player
Daniel Pinero - baseball shortstop
David Alvarez - actor
George A. Romero - flmmaker, writer, and editor

Filipino Canadians
662,600 (Census 2011)
Canadians of Filipino descent or people born in the Philippines who reside in Canada. Filipino Canadians are the third largest
subgroup of the overseas filipinos and one of the fastest growing groups in Canada

Name - Occupation
Joey Albert - recording artist
Mikey Bustos - Canadian Idol finalist, singer
Ma-Anne Dionisio - theatre actress
Darren Espanto - The Voice Kids - Philippines season one
Amm Gryner - multiple Juno Awards nominee
Jeff Rustia - Tv host and VJ
Maylee Todd - indie pop singer
Lucky Aces - Hip hop duo
Tobias C.Enverga - first flipino-canadian senator
Kris Reyes - news anchor
Ron Josol - stand-up comedian from Toronto
Ariel Rivera - singer-songwriter
Crispin Duenas - olympic archer
Rey Fortaleza - olympic boxer
Alex Pagulayan - 2004 world pool champion
Mathew Dumba - hockey player
Francis Manapul - comic book artist

316,765 (Census 2011)
The frst Hungarians arrived in Alberta in 1866 with Count Paul Oskar Eszterhazy, who wanted Hungarians to resettle after they
had immigrated originally to Pensylvania

Name - Occupation
Kati Agócs - composer
Attila Buday - Olympic canoer
Tamas Buday Jr. - Olympic canoer
Julius T. Csotonyi - paleoartist and illustrator
George Jonas - writer, poet, and journalist
Robert Lantos - flm producer
Attila Richards Lukacs - artist
Attila Mikloshazy - former Jesuit bishop
Alanis Morissette - singer, actress, and musician
Austin Pasztor - American football player
George Sipos - writer
Shannon Szabados - ice hockey player
Aaron Voros - ice hockey player

Indian Canadians are one of the most diverse ethnocultural populations in Canada. Census fgures on ethnic origin reported that
there were more than 1.6 million South Asian Canadians in 2011. South Asians share cultural and historical characteristics, and
their basic identifcation is more specifcally tied to their ethnocultural roots. Over 20 distinct ethnic groups can be identifed
within the large South Asian population.

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Akshay Kumar - Bollywood actor
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Nira Arora - morning show radio host
Jeet Aulakh - spiritual contemporary artist
Anita Rau Badami - novelist
Ashish Bagai - captain of the Canadian cricket team
Ravi Baichwal - news anchor and reporter at WLS-TV
Harry Bains - British Columbia New Democratic MLA
Navdeep Bains - Liberal Member of Parliament
Shauna Singh Baldwin - novelist
Bas Balkissoon - MPP
Sheela Basrur - former Ontario Chief Medical Officer of Health
Nuvraj Singh Bassi - professional football player
Nadira Begg - television journalist
Stan Bharti - businessman and philanthropist
Sim Bhullar - NBA basketball player
Neil Bissoondath - author
Glenda Braganza - actress
Jagrup Brar - British Columbia NDP MLA
Baljit Singh Chadha - businessman
Gulzar Singh Cheema - Manitoba and British Columbia MLA
Jasbir Singh Cheema - politician
Paul Chohan - feld hockey player
Raj Chouhan - British Columbia NDP MLA
Cindy Daniel - singer
Joe Daniel - Conservative MP
Agam Darshi - actress and flmmaker
Monika Deol - former MuchMusic host and CIVT news anchor
Sudi Devanesen - physician and member of the Order of Canada
Herb Dhaliwal - Liberal MP
Ranj Dhaliwal - Canadian author
Sukh Dhaliwal - Liberal MP
Naranjan Dhalla - cardiovascular research scientist
Ruby Dhalla - Liberal MP
Sunil Dhaniram - cricket player
Bob Singh Dhillon - businessman
Haninder Dhillon - cricket player
R Paul Dhillon - director, producer, writer, and journalist
Vekeana Dhillon - screenwriter, television presenter, actress
Vic Dhillon - Ontario Liberal MPP
Vikram Dhillon - Vancouver producer, director, actor
Ujjal Dosanjh - former Premier of British Columbia
John Dossetor - physician and bioethicist
Merella Fernandez - Canadian reporter and anchor for CityNews in Toronto
Nisha Ganatra - flm director, flm producer, writer, and actor
Shuman Ghosemajumder - businessman and computer scientist
Sara Ghulam - Miss World Canada 2007
Raminder Gill - former Ontario Progressive Conservative MPP
Dylan Mohan Gray - flm director, producer, writer
Gurmant Grewal - former Conservative MP
Nina Grewal - Conservative MP
Syeda Saiyidain Hameed - social and women's rights activist
Ian Hanomansing - CBC journalist
Tara Singh Hayer - newspaper publisher
Kamal Heer - singer
Indrani - photographer, director, TV personality, and model
Chin Injeti - R&B musician
Anosh Irani - novelist and playwright
Mobina Jaffer - senator
Rahim Jaffer - former Alberta Conservative MP
Jazzy B - singer
Aditya Jha - Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist
Bidhu Jha - Manitoba NDP MLA
Avan Jogia - actor
Ravi Kahlon - feld hockey player
Hari Kant - former feld hockey goalkeeper
Vim Kochhar - businessman and senator
Koushik - hip hop musician
Kuldip Singh Kular - former Ontario Liberal MPP
Bindi Kullar - feld hockey player
Faisal Kutty - attorney, writer, and law professor
Harold Sonny Ladoo - novelist and author
Nancy Lee - short story writer and novelist
Anita Majumdar - actress
Shaun Majumder - actor/comedian
Gurbax Singh Malhi - former Liberal MP
Manny Malhotra - hockey player
Samir Mallal - flmmaker
Amrit Mangat - Ontario Liberal MPP
Irshad Manji - author
Harbhajan Mann - singer
Salim Mansur - columnist for the London Free Press
Suleka Mathew - actress
Ashok Mathur - writer and professor
Devika Mathur - singer
Suhana Meharchand - journalist, C BC
Deepa Mehta - flm director
Nicky Mehta - singer
Richie Mehta - director
Shaun Mehta - writer
Rohinton Mistry - novelist
Shani Mootoo - writer
Alok Mukherjee - chair of the Toronto Police Services Board
Audri Mukhopadhyay - Canadian diplomat
M. Ram Murty - head of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Roger Nair - flmmaker, executive on Toronto Film Board
Rob Nijjar - former BC Liberal MLA
Lata Pada - Bharatanatyam dancer
Raj Pannu - former leader of the Alberta New Democrats
Nilesh Patel - flm director and producer
Russell Peters - stand-up comedian
Deepak Obhrai - Alberta Conservative MP, Calgary
Wally Oppal - Attorney General of British Columbia
Raghav - R&B singer
Pamela Rai - Canadian Olympic medallist, swimmer
Monita Rajpal - CNN International news anchor
Ajmer Rode - poet and playwright
Renee Rosnes - jazz pianist and composer/arranger
Patty Sahota - former BC Liberal MLA
Deep Saini - Vice President of University of Toronto
Sugar Sammy - comedian
Emanuel Sandhu - fgure skater
Harpreet Singh Sandhu - editor of Asian Vision
Surendra Seeraj - cricket player
Sarika Sehgal - CBC broadcast journalist
Asha Seth - senator
Chandrakant Shah - recipient of Order of Ontario
Devinder Shory - Member of Parliament
Durand Soraine - cricket player
Harinder Takhar - Ontario Liberal MPP
Sam Tata - portrait photographer
Priscilla Uppal - novelist and poet
Tim Uppal - MP, Alberta
M.G. Vassanji - novelist
Ali Velshi - stock analyst and television journalist
Murad Velshi - former Ontario Liberal MPP
Neelam Verma - Miss Universe Canada 2002
Richard Verma - U.S. Ambassador to India since 2015
Ravi Walia - fgure skater
Manmohan Waris - singer

Italian Canadians are Canadian citizens who have full or partial Italian heritage or Italians who immigrated to and reside in
Canada. According to the 2016 Census of Canada, 1,587,970 Canadians claimed full or partial Italian ancestry

Name - Occupation
Mike Accursi - lacrosse player
Jeremy Adduono - ice hockey player
Ray Adduono - ice hockey player
Rick Bartolucci - Ontario politician
Sean Bentivoglio - ice hockey player
Paul Beraldo - ice hockey player
Lorenzo Berardinetti - Ontario politician
Massimo Bertocchi - Olympic decathlete
Reno Bertoia - baseball player
Todd Bertuzzi - ice hockey player
Maurizio Bevilacqua - politician
Wayne Bianchin - ice hockey player
Dave Bidini - musician and writer
Brandon Bonifacio - soccer player
Béatrice Bonifassi - vocalist
Luciano Borsato - ice hockey player
Peter Bosa - politician
Emilio Bottiglieri - soccer player
Michael Bublé - singer and actor
Wally Buono - coach of BCL
Sveva Caetani - artist
Pietro Calendino - BC politician
Marco Calliari - singer
Herb Capozzi - businessman
Vittorio Capparelli - politician
Massimo Capra - chef
Alessia Cara - singer and songwriter
Giulio Caravatta - Canadian football player
Annamarie Castrilli - former politician
Daniel Catenacci - ice hockey player
Tony Caterina - politician
Cosimo Cavallaro - artist, flmmaker, and sculptor
Paolo Ceccarelli - soccer goalkeeper
Fulvio Cecere - actor
Cody Ceci - ice hockey player
Joe Ceci - politician
Rick Celebrini - soccer player
Rita Celli - journalist
Gene Ceppetelli - soccer player
Rick Chiarelli - Ottawa city councillor
Juan Chioran - voice actor and singer
Mario Chitaroni - ice hockey player
Frank Ciaccia - former soccer player
Jerry Ciccoritti - director
Santo Condorelli - Olympic swimmer
Luca Congi - Canadian football player
Alexander Conti - actor
Joe Contini - ice hockey player
Carlo Corazzin - former soccer player
Joseph Cordiano - Ontario politician
Frank Cosentino - Canadian football player
Paulo Costanzo - actor
Joseph Cramarossa - ice hockey player
Vincent Crisanti - politician
James Cunningham - comedian
Antonio Cupo - actor
Bill Cupolo - ice hockey player
Freddy Curci - vocalist and songwriter
Bobby Curtola - musician
Angela Cutrone - speed skater
William Cusano - Quebec politician
Joe Cuzzetto - soccer player
Antonio D'Alfonso - bilingual writer and editor
Peter Dalla Riva - Canadian football player
John D'Amico - ice hockey player
Scott D'Amore - professional wrestler
Frank D'Angelo - entrepreneur
Sabrina D'Angelo - soccer player
Cindy Daniel - singer
Michael D'Ascenzo - actor
Rita de Santis - politician
Tony De Thomasis - soccer manager
Sandro DeAngelis - Canadian football player
Marcel DeBellis - soccer player
Anne Marie DeCicco-Best - mayor
Johnnie Dee - vocalist
Dean DeFazio - ice hockey player
Dean Del Mastro - former politician
Vincent Della Noce - politician
Eddie Della Siepe - comedian and actor
Pier Giorgio Di Cicco - poet
Frank Ferragine - Toronto television personality
Landon Ferraro - ice hockey player
Marisa Ferretti Barth - politician
Mario Ferri - community organizer
Pat Fiacco - businessman
Fab Filippo - actor
Joe Fiorito - journalist and novelist
Sarah Gadon - actress
Rocco Galati - lawyer
Steve Galluccio - screenwriter
Mary Garofalo - television journalist
David Giammarco - actor
Daniel Girardi - ice hockey player
Gerome Giudice - ice hockey player
Gigi Gorgeous - actress and model
Thomas Grandi - skier
Marco Grazzini - actor
Sabrina Grdevich - actress
Peter Greco - soccer player
Peter Guarasci - basketball player
Garry Guzzo - Ontario politician
Jill Hennessy - actress and musician
Selenia Iacchelli - soccer player
Lucio Ianiero - soccer player
Tony Ianzelo - director and cinematographer
Robert Iarusci - soccer player
Illangelo - musician
Lily Inglis - architect
Ralph Intranuovo - ice hockey player
Carmine Isacco - soccer coach
Ethan Kath - singer and songwriter
Jessica Parker Kennedy - actress
Vince Kerrio - businessman and politician
Victor Kodelja - soccer player
Nicholas La Monaca - soccer goalkeeper
Alyssa Lagonia - soccer player
Thomas W. LaSorda - vice-chairman and president of Chrysler
Lucas Lessio - ice hockey player
Carlo Liconti - flm producer
Spencer Lofranco - actor
Luigi Logrippo - professor
Johnny Lombardi - broadcasting executive
Matthew Lombardi - ice hockey player
Andrea Lombardo - soccer player
Carmen Lombardo - musician
Danny Maciocia - Canadian football coach
Franco Magnifco - businessman and politician
Ray Maluta - ice hockey player
Mark Mancari - ice hockey player
Nick Mancuso - actor
Anthony S. Manera - former CBC president
Sergio Marchionne - CEO of Fiat and Chrysler
Charles Marega - sculptor
Gabriella Martinelli - flm producer
Julian Melchiori - ice hockey player
Mary Melf - novelist, poet, and playwright
Marco Micone - Quebec academic
Ramona Milano - actress
Maria Minna - politician
Eddie Mio - ice hockey goaltender
Giorgio Mitolo - newscaster and reporter
Angie Moretto - ice hockey player
Marc Moro - ice hockey player
Mike Morreale - football player
Carmelina Moscato - soccer player
Domenico Moschella - politician
Marcello Musto - professor
Jason Muzzatti - ice hockey player
Tony Nappo - actor
Tony Nardi - bilingual actor
Silvio Narizzano - flm and television director
Angelo Natale - trade union leader
Vincenzo Natali - flm director and screenwriter
Sergio Navarretta - flm director and producer
Frank Nigro - ice hockey player
Guido Nincheri - artist
Aldo Nova - musician and vocalist
Frances Nunziata - Toronto city councillor
John Nunziata - politician
Peter Oliva - novelist
Andrew Olivieri - soccer player
Giuliano Oliviero - soccer player
America Olivo - actress, singer, and model
David Orazietti - politician
Alexandra Orlando - rhythmic gymnast
Gaetano Orlando - ice hockey player
Marina Orsini - actress
Massimo Pacetti - politician
Pete Palangio - ice hockey player
Al Palladini - politician
Matthew Palleschi - soccer player
Louie Palu - photographer and flmmaker
Joe Pantalone - Toronto city councillor
John Parco - ice hockey coach
Sarina Paris - singer
Paul Bonifacio Parkinson - fgure skater
Dominic Perri - politician
Paul Perri - actor
Sandro Perri - musician
Anthony Perruzza - Ontario politician
Angelo Persichilli - journalist
Joe Peschisolido - politician
Paul Peschisolido - soccer player
Michael Petrasso - soccer player
Nina Petronzio - interior designer
Lauren Phoenix - adult actress
Alessandra Piccione - screenwriter and producer
Alex Pietrangelo - ice hockey player
Frank Pietrangelo - ice hockey player
Paolo Pietropaolo - radio host and musician
Vincenzo Pietropaolo - photographer
Marco Polo - music producer
Claudio Polsinelli - Ontario politician
Tony Rizzo - Ontario politician
Tony Romandini - musician
Rocco Romano - football player
Mike Rosati - ice hockey player
Tony Rosato - actor
Vittorio Rossi - actor and director
Anthony Rota - politician
Carlo Rota - actor
Filomena Rotiroti - politician
Guy Rubino - chef
Steve Rucchin - ice hockey player
Adamo Ruggiero - actor
Laura Sabia - social activist and feminist
Ted Salci - mayor of Niagara Falls
Bobby Sanguinetti - ice hockey player
Greg Sansone - sports anchor

550,520 (Census 2011)
First Russian immigrants arrived in Canada in 1899.
Seventy fve hundred Doukhobors settled in the country, aided in Russia by the famous writer Leo Tolstoy and in Canada by
Professor James Mavor and Clifford Sifton, then minister of the interior.

Name - Occupation
OLGA ALEXANDROVNA - Grand Duchess of Russia
SAUL BELLOW - writer, Nobel prize in literature
MARTIN KAMEN - physicist, member of “The Manhattan Project”
MARTIN DOBKIN - politician, frst mayor of Mississauga
MICHAEL IGNATIEFF - author, journalist, academic, politician
GREGORY CHAMITOFF - NASA astronaut
JOHN TORY - Mayor of Toronto
LOIS HOLE - Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
SAIDYE ROSHER BRONFMAN - billionaire, founder of the Seagram company
PAMELA ANDERSON - actress
TED LIPMAN - diplomat, ambassador
BEN HATSKIN - founder of the Winnipeg Jets
GREGORY LEKHTMAN - inventor and entrepreneur
MARINA ZUEVA - ice dancing and singles coach and choreographer
GEORGE VOLKOFF - physicist
A-Trak - musician
Harvey Atkin - voice-over actor
Alex Battler - writer
Arnold Belkin - painter
Chinawoman - singer
Ludmilla Chiriaeff - ballet dancer, choreographer and company director
Melyssa Ford - model and actress
Victor Garber - actor, Titanic, Argo, Star Trek
Natalie Glebova - Miss Universe 2005, Miss Universe Canada 2005
Anais Granofsky - actress, Degrassi Junior High
Lorne Greene - actor, Battlestar Galactica
George Grie - artist
Grimes - Juno Award-winning producer and musician
Melissa Hayden - ballerina
Jessica Parker Kennedy - actress, The Secret Circle, Smallville, Black Sails
K.d. lang - musician, winner of Juno and Grammy
Ezra Levant - media personality
Nadia Litz - actress
George London - singer
Eli Mandel - poet
Catherine Manoukian - violinist
Niall Matter - actor, Eureka, Stargate Atlantis, Melrose Place, 90210
Sophie Milman - jazz musician
Zara Nelsova - cellist
Sarah Polley - actress and film director, Order of Canada
Duncan Regehr - writer and actor, Star Trek
Coco Rocha - fashion model and cover girl
Sasha Roiz - actor
Elena Semikina - Miss Universe Canada 2010
Inga Skaya - Miss Universe Canada 2007
Socalled - musician
Ksenia Solo - actress, Black Swan
Madeline Sonik - writer
Jessica Trisko - Miss Earth 2007
Watts - produced for Method Man, Redman, and Snoop Dogg
Adele Wiseman - author
Bluma Appel - philanthropist
John Boyarski - recipient of awards for bravery
Charles Bronfman - billionaire, member of the Bronfman family
Edgar Bronfman, Sr. - billionaire, member of the Bronfman family
Samuel Bronfman - billionaire, member of the Bronfman family
Arcadi Gaydamak - businessman
Jamie Glazov - managing editor of Frontpage Magazine
Sonia Scurfeld - owner of the Calgary Flames in the 1980s and 1990s
Alex Shnaider - co-founder of the Midland Group
Alex Atamanenko - Member of Parliament in the House of Commons of Canada
Vasile Balabanov - Imperial Russian émigré
Catherine Doherty - Imperial Russian émigré, social activist
Siegfried Enns - member of the Canadian House of Commons
George Ignatieff - Canadian diplomat
Tom Nevakshonoff - Member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba
Reynold Rapp - Member of the House of Commons of Canada
Peter Vasilevich Verigin - Doukhobor leader
Pyotr Verzilov - activist
Michel Chossudovsky - writer and professor of economics at the University of Ottawa
Andrew Donskov - professor of modern languages at the University of Ottawa
Israel Halperin - mathematician
Harry Medovy - pediatrician and academic, Order of Canada
Pierre Milman - mathematician, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada,
Sergei Plekhanov - Professor of Political Science at York University
Louis Slotin - physicist, member of the Manhattan Project
Violetta Afanasieva - figure skater
Nik Antropov - hockey player with the Toronto Maple Leafs (NHL) and the KHL
Ivan Babikov - Olympic cross-country skier
Patricia Bezzoubenko - rhythmic gymnast
Boris Blumin - chess grandmaster
Mark Bluvshtein - chess grandmaster
Édouard Carpentier - professional wrestler
Joshua Ho-Sang - hockey player with the OHL
Igor Ivanov - chess grandmaster
Lioudmila Kortchguina - marathon runner
Crazy Leo - rally driver
Andrei Markov - NHL hockey player
Olga Ovtchinnikova - Olympic fencer
Andrei Rogozine - world champion figure skater
Bobbie Rosenfeld - Olympic gold medalist
Tamerlan Tagziev - wrestler, gold medalist at the Commonwealth Games
Igor Tikhomirov - Olympic champion in fencing

1,251,170 (Census 2011)
The frst Ukrainian immigrants arrived in Canada in 1891-93. They settled at Edna-Star,
Alberta, in the vicinity of Fort Saskatchewan, where they farmed land and eventually
became successful landowners.

Name - Occupation
Ramon John Hnatyshyn - Governor-General of Canada
Eugene Melnyk - Owner of The Ottawa Senators NHL Hockey Team
William Shanter - Actor
Joe Shuster - Co-creator of Superman
John Sopinka - Justice of The Supreme Court Of Canada
Alex Trebek - Television Game Show Host
Roberta Bondar - Astronaut
Katheryn Winnick - Actress
Ed Stelmach - Premier of Alberta from 2006 to 2011
Daria Werbowy - Model
Roman Danylo - comedian
Fred Ewanuick - actor
Luba Goy - comedian
Jeremy Kushnier - actor/singer
Tatiana Maslany - actress
James Motluk - flmmaker
Adam Smoluk - director, screenwriter and actor
Edward Burtynsky - photographer
Denys Drozdyuk - ballroom dancer
John Kricfalusi - cartoonist
William Kurelek - artist
Oleg Lipchenko - artist
Dave Andreychuk - hockey player
Bill Barilko - hockey player
Mike Bossy - hockey player
Tyler Bozak - hockey player
Turk Broda - hockey player
John Bucyk - hockey player
Kerry Burtnyk - curler
Randy Ferbey - curler
Dale Hawerchuk - hockey player
Joffrey Lupul - hockey player
Orest Meleschuk - curler
J.D. Michaels - professional wrestler
Bill Mosienko - hockey player
Kelly Olynyk - basketball player
Alexei Ponikarovsky - hockey player
Terry Sawchuk - ice hockey goaltender
Eddie Shack - hockey player
Jordin Tootoo - hockey player
Ed Werenich - curler
Edward Bayda - former Chief Justice of Saskatchewan
Peter Dmytruk - war hero (WWII), Royal Canadian Air Force
Filip Konowal - Victoria Cross recipient
Randy Bachman - musician
Paul Brandt - country music artist
Ron Cahute - musician
Rick Danko - musician, former bassist and singer of The Band
Ivan and Stefan Doroschuk - musicians (Men Without Hats)
Gordie Johnson - musician
Juliette - singer and CBC television host
Theresa Sokyrka - singer
Roman Soltykewych - conductor
James Bezan - member of parliament
Ernie Eves - former Premier of Ontario
Ed Ewasiuk - labour activist, city councilor
Sylvia Fedoruk - Canadian scientist, curler
Gary Filmon - former premier of Manitoba
Chrystia Freeland - Canadian Minister
Stephen Juba - former mayor of Winnipeg
Gerard Kennedy - Ontario cabinet minister
Peter Liba - former lieutenant-governor of Manitoba
MaryAnn Mihychuk - Canadian Minister of Employment, Workforce, and Labour
Steve Peters - Ontario cabinet minister
Roy Romanow - former premier of Saskatchewan
Don Rusnak - member of parliament
Edward Schreyer - former governor-general of Canada
Michael Starr - former cabinet minister
Judy Wasylycia-Leis - former member of parliament
Borys Wrzesnewskyj - member of parliament
John Yaremko - longest serving cabinet minister
Paul Yuzyk - former senator
Albert Bandura - psychologist
Isydore Hlynka - biochemist, Ukrainian Canadian community leader
Taras Kuzio - Ukraine expert
George S. N. Luckyj - scholar of Ukrainian literature
Lubomyr Romankiw - scientist, Ph.D. degrees in metallurgy and materials
Jaroslav Rudnyckyj - linguist, a founding father of Canadian multiculturalism
Alex Biega - lawyer and author
Marsha Skrypuch - writer
Fedor Bohatirchuk - chess player
Annie Buller - union organizer
Bohdan Hawrylyshyn - visionary and economic advisor