Arabic music puts an emphasis on melody and rhythm, as opposed to harmony. Some genres of Arabic music are polyphonic, but most of Arabic music is usually homophonic.
The historical origins of Arabic music are extremely diverse. Early Arab musicians borrowed much from the Egyptians, Assyrians, and Sumerians.
Many of the instruments now used are direct descendants of those depicted in the wall paintings and carvings of these past civilizations.
Arabic musical instruments can be classified into three main categories:
- string instruments (chordophones)
- wind instruments (aerophones)
- percussion instruments